BAKHTIYAR KHILJI PDF

Early life[ edit ] Bakhtiyar Khalji, a member of the Khalaj tribe, [12] a Turkic tribe long settled in what is now southern Afghanistan , [13] [14] was head of the military force that conquered parts of eastern India at the end of the 12th century and at the beginning of the 13th century. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din , but was refused rank. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din, then in command of a platoon at Badayun in northern India.

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Rise Khilji came from the town of Garmsir in southern Afghanistan. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din, but was refused rank. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din, then in command of a platoon at Badayun in northern India. Khilji gathered some Muslims under his banner and soon consolidated his position, carrying out raids into neighboring territories.

Conquests In s, Khilji was also responsible for the destruction of Nalanda University , which was an ancient Buddhist University in Bihar, India, nearby to the stronghold of Bihar.

He apparently also massacred the students. The main Persian source for this [5] explains Khilji attacked the fortress unaware that it was a University. This effort earned him political clout in the court at Delhi. In the same year he took his forces into Bengal.

As he came upon the city of Nabadwip , it is said that he advanced so rapidly that only 18 horsemen from his army could keep up. Khilji went on to capture the capital Gaur and intruded into much of Bengal.

Khilji forces were ambushed in Assam and Ikhtiyar returned to Devkot with about one hundred surviving soldier. Ghiyas-ud-din Iwaz Khilji became the successor. Ghiyas-ud-din again assumed power and proclaimed his independence. He depicted Khilji as the praiseworthy figurehead of conquest of Bengal. He promoted religion and destroyed knowledge by burning down the ancient Nalanda University.

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Bakhtiyar Khalji's Tibet campaign

Rise Khilji came from the town of Garmsir in southern Afghanistan. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din, but was refused rank. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din, then in command of a platoon at Badayun in northern India. Khilji gathered some Muslims under his banner and soon consolidated his position, carrying out raids into neighboring territories.

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Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji

Bakhtiyar Khalji , the Governor of Bengal, subsequently became obsessed with ambitions of conquering Tibet. The planned invasion also coincided with the Era of Fragmentation and the collapse of the Tibetan Empire. The expedition was aided by Ali Mech , leader of the Mech tribe in the foothills of India. He was a recent convert to Islam, and he helped the expedition by acting as a guide for them. Surprisingly, they had faced little resistance but it soon became obvious why. The Tibetans had lured Khilji and his army into a trap. The rugged Himalayan mountain passes were an unfamiliar terrain to the invading army, who were more used to the sultry and humid plains of Bengal.

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His invasions are believed to have severely damaged the Buddhist establishments at Nalanda , Odantapuri , and Vikramashila. Khaliji destroyed the Nalanda and Vikramshila universities during his raids across North Indian plains, massacring many Buddhist and Brahmin scholars. They razed to the ground Buddhist monasteries with which the country was studded. The monks fled away in thousands to Nepal, Tibet and other places outside India. A very large number were killed outright by the Muslim commanders. How the Buddhist priesthood perished by the sword of the Muslim invaders has been recorded by the Muslim historians themselves.

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