ELECTRA SOFOCLES PDF

Her only hope is that one day her brother Orestes will return to avenge Agamemnon. When the messenger the old man of Phocis arrives with news of the death of Orestes , therefore, Electra is devastated, although Clytemnestra is relieved to hear it. Electra proposes to her sister that it is now up to them to kill their hated step-father Aegisthus , but Chrysothemis refuses to help, pointing out the impracticability of the plan. When Orestes arrives at the palace, carrying the urn supposedly containing his own ashes, he does not recognize Electra at first, nor she him.

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Her only hope is that one day her brother Orestes will return to avenge Agamemnon. When the messenger the old man of Phocis arrives with news of the death of Orestes , therefore, Electra is devastated, although Clytemnestra is relieved to hear it. Electra proposes to her sister that it is now up to them to kill their hated step-father Aegisthus , but Chrysothemis refuses to help, pointing out the impracticability of the plan.

When Orestes arrives at the palace, carrying the urn supposedly containing his own ashes, he does not recognize Electra at first, nor she him. Belatedly realizing who she is, though, Orestes reveals his identity to his emotional sister, who almost betrays his identity in her excitement and joy that he is alive.

With Electra now involved in their plan, Orestes and Pylades enter the house and slay his mother, Clytemnestra , while Electra keeps watch for Aegisthus. They hide her corpse under a sheet and present it to Aegisthus when he returns home, claiming it to be the body of Orestes. When Aegisthus lifts the veil to discover his dead wife, Orestes reveals himself, and the play ends as Aegisthus is escorted off to be killed at the hearth, the same location Agamemnon was slain. Where Aeschylus told the story with an eye to the ethical issues associated, Sophocles like Euripides addresses the problem of character, and asks what kind of woman would want so keenly to kill her mother.

Electra as a person is very emotional and stubbornly devoted to the principles of justice, reverence and honour even if sometimes her grasp on these principles seems questionable. Chrysothemis is less emotional and more detached than Electra , and clings to the principle of expediency in the hopes of maximizing her own comfort and profit. The main themes explored through the play include the conflict between justice and expediency as embodied in the characters of Electra and Chrysothemis respectively ; the effects of revenge on its perpetrator as the moment of revenge approaches, Electra grows increasingly irrational, demonstrating a questionable grasp on the very principle of justice by which she claims to be motivated ; and the degrading effects of dishonour.

Resources English translation by F.

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Electra – Sophocles – Play Summary – Greek Mythology – Classical Literature

Clytemnestra believes the murder was justified, since Agamemnon had sacrificed their daughter Iphigenia before the war, as commanded by the gods. Electra , daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, rescued her younger brother Orestes from her mother by sending him to Strophius of Phocis. The play begins years later when Orestes has returned as a grown man with a plot for revenge, as well as to claim the throne. Storyline[ edit ] Orestes arrives with his friend Pylades , son of Strophius, and a pedagogue, i. Their plan is to have the tutor announce that Orestes has died in a chariot race, and that two men really Orestes and Pylades are arriving shortly to deliver an urn with his remains.

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