ESTOMATITIS NICOTINICA PDF

Palabras clave: estomatitis; fumadores; paladar; mucosa oral; edentulismo parcial. Abstract Background: Nicotinic stomatitis is a benign disorder of the oral mucosa affecting hard palate, which may extend to the soft palate. This lesion is commonly present in tobacco and cigarette smokers. It is manifested by the presence of whitish and flattened papules, generally asymptomatic.

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Palabras clave: estomatitis; fumadores; paladar; mucosa oral; edentulismo parcial. Abstract Background: Nicotinic stomatitis is a benign disorder of the oral mucosa affecting hard palate, which may extend to the soft palate.

This lesion is commonly present in tobacco and cigarette smokers. It is manifested by the presence of whitish and flattened papules, generally asymptomatic. Objetive: To evaluate palate injuries caused by the habit of inverted cigarette smoking and the benefits of suppressing this practice.

Case: A year-old female patient, who habitually smoked cigarettes invertedly since adolescence. Clinal examination normal. During the oral clinical examination were observed partial edentulism, whitish plates on the palate, with an unknown period of time. Clinical diagnosis and histology of nicotinic stomatitis was made. Conclusions: The patient was diagnosed with nicotine stomatitis caused by reverse smoking habit; the suppression of the reverse smoking practice allowed recovery of the mucosa without sequelae.

This is the first case reported in Ecuador. Key words: stomatitis; smokers; palate; oral mucosa; partial edentulism. El uso del tabaco ha mostrado tener efectos adversos en la salud, pues ha sido asociado a aproximadamente 40 enfermedades y, en lo relativo a la salud oral, ha sido reconocido como uno de los principales factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de lesiones en la cavidad oral.

Este epitelio puede subdividirse en dos tipos, a saber: epitelio queratinizado mucosa masticatoria y epitelio no queratinizado mucosa de revestimiento. Adicionalmente, la paciente indica no practicar otros tipos de tabaquismo. Cantidad de cabello normal y bien distribuido. La lengua se encuentra con completa movilidad y sin alteraciones. Piso de boca blando y depresible sin alteraciones. Figura 1. Paladar de fumadora invertida. Figura 2. Ussher et al.

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ESTOMATITIS NICOTINICA

Es frecuente sobre todo en grandes fumadores varones de tabaco con pipa. It is more common in males who are important pipe smokers. The smoke of the tobacco causes it, and its prevalence is correlated with the amount of pipe tobacco that is smoked. The clinical features are characteristic, and results in a diffuse hiperkeratosis of the palatal epithelium and inflammation of the salivary glands. The lessions are principally located on the hard palate and consist of multiple white papules, with an ocassional central red depression, giving a cobblestone appearance. The diagnosis is easy, based on the antecedent of pipe smoking and the characteristic clinical features.

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