GERHARD KITTEL THEOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT PDF

Biography[ edit ] The son of Old Testament scholar Rudolf Kittel , [1] he married Hanna Untermeier in , but there were no children from the union. In May , he joined the Nazi Party. In his own defense, Kittel maintained his work was "scientific in method" and motivated by Christianity, although it may have appeared antisemitic to some. Kittel himself said his goal was to combat the myths and distortions of extremist members of the Nazi Party. She testified that Kittel had strongly objected against the actions being taken against Jews. From —48 he was a pastor Seelsorger in Beuron.

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Mediating between ordinary lexicography and the specific task of exposition, TDNT published by Eerdmans treats more than 2, theologically significant New Testament words, including the more important prepositions and numbers as well as many proper names from the Old Testament.

Presenting the words in the order of the Greek alphabet, TDNT typically discusses the following for each word: its secular Greek background, its role in the Old Testament, its use in extrabiblical Jewish literature, and its varied uses in the New Testament. Substantial bibliographies and footnotes supplement the articles. One of the most widely-used and well-respected theological dictionaries ever created, TDNT is indispensable for studies in the Greek New Testament and theology.

Words were selected for inclusion in this dictionary based on their theological significance. The historical development and theological nuances of each word are exhaustively explored. The abridged 1,page version of TDNT is available as an unlock.

Key Features Abbreviations, a commonly cryptic element of most theological works, can now be clicked upon in Logos, and the user will be provided with the full abbreviation definition from the abbreviation table. Therefore, if versions of Philo or Josephus are available to the user, these valuable cross references can be examined in their complete context.

The indices of volume ten have been implemented as topic indices within Logos. This information is implemented as a topic index. Individual Greek article headwords are included as topics in both Greek and Greek Lemma languages.

This allows the user to use the Keylink functionality to jump to articles in TDNT from a morphologically tagged Greek text. The Index of English Keywords is also available. The Contributor and Co-Worker Index is also available.

A comprehensive list of articles from a contributor is available simply by clicking on the author citation at the end of each article. The Index of Biblical References is comprehensive in this electronic version. Using the Reference Search functionality, one can arrive at a complete listing of instances where a particular verse is referenced throughout the whole of the TDNT.

All Bible references are enabled, allowing the user to click upon a Bible reference to look up the reference in a preferred translation. In addition, discrepancies in versification are automatically dealt with. So, when a verse reference to the Septuagint LXX is made, any versification differences are implicitly rectified when the search results are reported back to the user.

Article references by either article name or by volume and page are enabled as well. This allows the user to examine the numerous instances where a given article refers the user to another article within TDNT for clarification and expansion on a given topic or idea.

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Theological Dictionary of the New Testament | TDNT (10 vols.)

Mediating between ordinary lexicography and the specific task of exposition, TDNT published by Eerdmans treats more than 2, theologically significant New Testament words, including the more important prepositions and numbers as well as many proper names from the Old Testament. Presenting the words in the order of the Greek alphabet, TDNT typically discusses the following for each word: its secular Greek background, its role in the Old Testament, its use in extrabiblical Jewish literature, and its varied uses in the New Testament. Substantial bibliographies and footnotes supplement the articles. One of the most widely-used and well-respected theological dictionaries ever created, TDNT is indispensable for studies in the Greek New Testament and theology. Words were selected for inclusion in this dictionary based on their theological significance.

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Gerhard Kittel

Beginning with father, and continuing through the alphabet, the TDOT volumes present in-depth discussions of the key Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Old Testament. The intention of the writers is to concentrate on meaning, starting from the more general, everyday senses and building to an understanding of theologically significant concepts. To avoid artificially restricting the focus of the articles, TDOT considers under each keyword the larger groups of words that are related linguistically or semantically. The lexical work includes detailed surveys of a word s occurrences, not only in biblical material but also in other ancient Near Eastern writings. Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, Ethiopic, Ugaritic, and Northwest Semitic sources are surveyed, among others, as well as the Qumran texts and the Septuagint; and in cultures where no cognate word exists, the authors often consider cognate ideas. TDOT s emphasis, though, is on Hebrew terminology and on biblical usage. The contributors employ philology as well as form-critical and traditio-historical methods, with the aim of understanding the religious statements in the Old Testament.

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