Goltirg Chanting this five-word mantra, and meditating on Lord Krishna, you will tapsni the world of birth and death. One should meditate upon Him, glorify Him, serve Him and worship Him. The statement that death fears Govinda means that Krishna rescues the living entities from the hands of death. Gopalatapani Radha and Krishna. This is confirmed in the following verses:. Tripurari, This is called devotional service.
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Thank you for subscribing. Something went wrong. Om namah. I offer my respectful obeisances unto the Gopala-tapani Upanisad, which is part of the Atharva Veda, and which describes the transcendental form and pastimes of Lord Krishna.
The name of Krishna refers to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose spiritual form is eternal and full of knowledge and bliss. Other so-called spiritual paths will not help one become liberated. Appearing in this word with Sri Sanatana Gosvami and Srila Rupa Gosvami, and bringing great tidal waves to the ocean of transcendental bliss, may the wonderful and splendid rising moon of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu dispel the darkness within our hearts.
I glorify the Gopala-tapani Upanisad, which to the pious reveals Lord Krishna, the original Personality of Godhead, the Supersoul near to all moving and unmoving creatures.
Whom does death fear? By knowing whom does everything else become known? Who created this world. Commentary by Srila Baladeva Vidyabhushana: The syllable om is used here, as it is generally used in the Vedic hymns, to invoke auspiciousness. Death fears Govinda.
By understanding Gopijanavallabha everything becomes known. Commentary by Srila Vishvanatha Chakravarti: The statement that death fears Govinda means that Krishna rescues the living entities from the hands of death. The process of understanding Him is described by Lord Gopijanavallabha Himself in the Bhagavad-gita Who is Govinda?
Who is Gopijanavallabha? What is Svaha? All these names refer to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Commentary by Srila Vishvanatha Chakravarti: The name papa-karsana may also be interpreted to mean: 1 He whose transcendental pastimes attract the minds of even the sinful conditioned souls, or 2 The merciful Supreme Person who liberated Putana, Agha, Kesi and many other demons killed by Him.
He is glorified in the verses of the Vedas, and He is famous on the earth because He removed the burden of demoniac kings. Govinda also means He who protects the cows, land and Vedas. Lord Govinda is the Supreme protector, who rescues the living entities from the hands of death. Gopijanavallabha means He who enchants the gopis, who are all manifestations of His hladini potency.
Then Lord enchants them with the sweetness His handsomeness and other transcendental qualities, removes their materialism, and grants them ecstatic love for Him. In this way He has become very dear vallabha to them. This is described in Srimad-Bhagavatam He becomes liberated. Commentary by Srila Vishvanatha Chakravarti: Liberation means freedom from the cycle of birth and death and eternal association with Lord Krishna.
Commentary by Srila Baladeva Vidyabhushana: In this text the goal of life is described: By meditating on, glorifying and worshipping Lord Krishna, one becomes liberated. Text 7 They said: What is His form?
How does one worship Him? Please describe this to us Texts 8 and 9 Brahma said: He appears like a cowherd boy. His complexion is like a monsoon cloud. He stays under a desire-tree. The following verses describe Him. Text 12 By chanting these five names one attains the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose potencies are manifested as the heavenly planets, the earth, sun, moon, and fire. He does not attain any other result. Text 14 Devotional service to Lord Krishna is performed when the heart no longer desires any material benefit to be obtained in this life or the next.
This is freedom from the bonds of karma. He should be restored to his pure identity, in which he engages his senses in the service of the proprietor of the senses. This is called devotional service. The activities of bhakti are listed in the following way: 1. This is described in the Eleventh Canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam. The hairs of his body stand on end, and he manifests ecstatic symptoms.
Many worship eternal Govinda. Gopijanavallabha maintains the worlds. Powerful Svaha moves the universe. Commentary by Srila Vishvanatha Chakravarti: Many brahmanas, following the path of the sastras, worship Krishna. Many others, following of the path of spontaneous love as the residents of Gokula followed it, worship Lord Govinda, the hero of Gokula. Text 16 Although originally one, air becomes the five life-airs in the bodies of all living entities.
In the same way, for the benefit of the world Lord Krishna appears as these five words. Text 17 They said: Please describe the worship of Govinda, the Supersoul, who maintains everything. Within that lotus should be placed two triangles and the mantra klim krsnaya namah, the Kama-gayatri klim krsnaya govindaya gopijanavallabhaya svaha , and the ananga-gayatri kamadevaya sarva-jana-priyaya sarva-jana-sammohanaya jvala jvala prajvala prajvala sarva-janasya hrdayam me vasam kuru kuru svaha should be written there.
He obtains everything. Text 20 In this matter there are the following verses: Lord Krishna is the worshipable, all-pervading supreme controller, and although He is one, He manifests in many forms. They who are intelligent worship Him as He stands on His altar. They, and not others, attain eternal happiness. They who desire liberation surrender to Him, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who grants transcendental knowledge to His devotees. Text 24 To they who chant the five-word mantra with om and govinda om krsnaya govindaya gopijanavallabha svaha the Lord reveals His own form.
Therefore, to attain transcendental peace, they who desire liberation should regularly chant this mantra. Text 26 They asked: Please tell us the nature of this mantra Text 27 and 28 Brahma said: I continually glorified the Lord and meditated upon Him for millions of years, and at last I was able to understand the transcendental form of the Lord as Sri Krishna, in the dress of a cowherd boy.
With devotion in my heart I bowed down before Him. He gave me the eighteen-syllable mantra to be used for the activity of creation, and then He disappeared. Text 29 When I desired to create the universe He again appeared before me, showing me in these syllables the universe that was to be. Text 30 From the letter k, I created water, from the letter l, earth, from the letter i, fire, from the letter m, the moon, and from the entire word klim, the sun.
From the word krsnaya, I created ether, from govindaya, air, from gopijanavallabha, knowledge and the surabhi cows, and from svaha, men, women, and everything else. Everything else. Text 31 By worshipping Him, Shiva became free from illusion, and by chanting this mantra in a solitary place, he attained the Lord. Text 33 Therefore one should regularly chant this mantra.
One should regularly chant this mantra. Text 34 Some have said that from the first word of this mantra earth was created, from the second word water, from the third fire, from the fourth air, and from the fifth ether.
To attain liberation one should chant this five-word Vaishnava mantra, which reveals Lord Krishna. Text 35 About this are the following verses: One should chant this mantra, of which from the first word the element earth came, from the second word water, from the third fire, from the fourth air, and from the fifth ether. Text 37 That spiritual world, completely pure, uncontaminated, free from suffering, free from greed and all other vices, and identical with this five-word mantra, is manifested from Lord Vasudeva.
It is not separate from Him. Text 38 With eloquent prayers I and the Maruts please Lord Govinda, whose form is eternal and full of knowledge and bliss, who stays under a desire tree in Vrndavana, and who is this five-word mantra. Text 39 Om namah. To Lord Govinda, who is the form of the universe, the creator.
I offer my respectful obeisances. Text 40 Obeisances to Lord Govinda, whose form is full of knowledge, whose form is full of supreme bliss, who is all-attractive, and who is the master of the gopis.
Text 41 Obeisances to Him, His eyes lotus flowers. Obeisances to Him, garlanded with lotuses. Obeisances to Him, His navel a lotus.
Obeisances to Him, the husband of the goddesses of fortune. Commentary by Srila Baladeva Vidyabhushana: The goddesses of fortune here are the gopis. She is the central figure for the goddess of fortune. She possesses all the attractiveness to attract the all-attractive Personality of Godhead.
She is the primeval internal potency of the Lord. Text 43 Obeisances to Him, the death of Kamsa and his allies, the killer of Kesi and Canura, the object of worship for Siva, and the chariot-driver of Arjuna. Text 45 Obeisances to Sri Krishna, the protector of the surrendered souls. Text 47 Obeisances to Sri Krishna, decorated with a golden necklace, charming, pure, the enemy of impurity, one without a second, the greatest.
Be kind, O Supreme Lord. O Lord, please rescue me, bitten by the snake of physical and mental pain. Commentary by Srila Baladeva Vidyabhushana: Vyadhi, or physical pain, inevitably comes when one fulfils his material desires.
Either condition is inauspicious for the conditioned soul. Text 49 O Krishna, O husband of Rukmini, O enchanter of the gopis, O master of the universe, please rescue me, drowning in the ocean of repeated birth and death. Chanting this five-word mantra, and meditating on Lord Krishna, you will transcend the world of birth and death.
Gopāla - Tāpanī Upanishad
O Devas [angels, Gods], may we hear with our ears what is auspicious; May we see with our eyes what is auspicious, O ye worthy of worship! May we enjoy the term of life allotted by the Devas, Praising them with our body and limbs steady! May the glorious Indra bless us! May Garuda, the thunderbolt against evil, bless us! May Brihaspati grant us well-being!
Gopala Tapani Upanishad